• The newest version of Boeing’s most popular jet is again under scrutiny after a deadly crash on Sunday, leading airlines around the world to ground their fleets’ 737 Max 8 planes.

• China’s Civil Aviation Administration was first to order its airlines on Monday morning to ground all of the country’s 96 aircraft in operation. Ethiopian Airlines, which operated the flight on Sunday, later followed.

• A Boeing 737 Max 8 operated by Ethiopian Airlines crashed shortly after takeoff on Sunday, killing all 157 people on board. The circumstances were similar to an October crash in Indonesia that killed 189 people.

Flight tracking websites showed that Chinese airlines were substituting Boeing 737-800s on Monday morning on routes where they had previously operated a Boeing 737 Max 8.

China’s main airlines are among the biggest users so far of the new Boeing jets, having taken delivery of most of the planes they have ordered. By contrast, many other carriers, often in slower-growing markets than China’s, have taken delivery of only a small fraction of their orders for the Boeing 737 Max 8.

Ethiopian Airlines officials said on Monday they would ground all Boeing 737 Max planes in their country following the crash on Sunday of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302.

The airline has five Boeing 737 Max planes in its fleet, but it was unclear how many are model 8 jets.

The plane that crashed was flying between Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Nairobi, Kenya.

Also on Monday, Cayman Airways said it was temporarily grounding its two Boeing 737 Max 8 planes.

China’s speed in acting well ahead of any national or regional authority took place against a complicated backdrop of trade and commerce. And the tragedies in Indonesia and Ethiopia could create a lucrative business opportunity for China’s nascent aircraft industry.

Boeing aircraft are some of China’s biggest imports from the United States and are among the few imports on which China has not imposed tariffs as part of its trade war with the Trump administration.

A state-owned enterprise based in Shanghai with massive loans from state-controlled banks, the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, better known as Comac, is trying to push its way into the commercial aircraft market. Comac has already done test flights of its C919, a direct competitor to the Boeing 737, and plans to start delivering it in 2021, with the first plane going to state-controlled China Eastern Airlines.

The C919 is a single-aisle jet with similar capacity to a Boeing 737 or an Airbus A320neo.

European regulators have not yet taken action on the Boeing 737 Max 8. The Airbus A320neo is a more direct competitor of the Boeing 737, as the C919 reportedly will have worse fuel economy than either of them, plus an unproven safety record.

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